Monday, December 7, 2009

Globalization- A response to today's lecture questions

Globalization is the theory of cosmopolitan democracy and requires us to rethink the political community within these ideals and aspirations can be realized. The relationship between democracy and globalization has been the focus of substantial policy and academic debate. Some suggest that democracy and globalization go hand in hand suggesting that unrestricted international transactions leads to increased political accountability and transparency. Others say democracies are more likely to have closed markets and vice versa. Democracy has previously become a global phenomenon, everywhere but in the Middle East. The Middle East is the only region in the world that lacks a credible base of democracy, and there is not a single Arab democracy today. Breakdowns of democracy include weak rule of law, poor economic performance and ineffective political institutions. Authoritarian leaders are especially threatening to democracy, because it is “human nature to establish and then maintain monopoly on power.” Westernization has been a pervasive and accelerating influence across the world. Westernization in settler countries has often resulted in the linguistic, social, and cultural marginalization of indigenous peoples. However, even in countries where large populations of indigenous peoples remain or the indigenous peoples have mixed considerably with European settlers, marginalization still exists. The life expectancy has increased of these regions and technology improved. Everyday conveniences of living, means of travel and media movies are used and enjoyed by many people around the world.

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