All of society grew into a more rational mindset. Science can be thought of as part of our foundation for progress and opportunity. A cycle was created of science creating progress, progress requiring science, and on and on. Because science was on the rise, more people were into science, more funding was put into it, and there was a higher population of both students and teachers. Science became the primary mode of growth through technology, communication, military, etc. The core and periphery nations can be more or less distinguished by the advancement of their sciences.
Globalization's relation to science is one of much importance, I feel. Transportation, communication and military are a few examples of how science can implement globalization. On the other hand, globalization is able to affect science by providing ample opportunity for discovery and research. With the study of languages and new modes of communication, researchers are able to gain information from those of other cultures including, for example, experts in a certain field of science. It also provides the option to find funding or location for new studies, new discoveries, new experiments. Science ties all cultures together because even though the battle between science and religion continues, every country has science, and it is the same everywhere. It is common ground for all of humanity.