This week in Hobsbawn’s readings, he shows a consistent flow with the development of warring European powers, which lead to social stratification. Society’s ability to identify this social stratification leads to social discontent and revolution. Revolution always leads to a change in thought or a reinforcement of tradition. In the case of the western world, we see this change in thought from romantic to rational. The individual has embraced the rising mentality of science. This shift thrust the development and understanding of medicine, sociology, technology, and other sciences into overdrive. Interestingly enough, Hobsbawn cites numerous examples of how science became the king of the mental domain, but the queen religion and tradition maintained a somewhat diminished position next to him.
People were able to separate their faith from their reason. Today, that is still a concept many individuals struggle with as we gain a deeper understanding for the function, prevention, and alteration of many previously mysterious diseases. Simple preventative action, like vaccination or prenatal care, now eliminates any reason for suffering or hopelessness.
Hobsbawn discusses how traditional science was more of an explanation for events rather than a prediction of events. The idea that there was a vast acceptance that no one individual could understand all things or learn all things because they are not known was a revolutionary idea. Not know, or rather the acceptance there of.
So, in the spirit of embracing the fact that I do not know everything, my question is can anyone explain democratic peace theory to me?” I am not quite grasping it. What was the logic behind this theory? Thanks.