In chapter 6, Hobsbawn discusses the rise of nationalism and nations. During the late 18th and early 19th centuries people all across the world identified with their homeland as a nation more than ever. With the increase of democratization, an increase of nationalism in politics is seen. Increases in democratization resulted in more elections where politicians could stand behind patriotism and a new found nationalism as a platform. Many citizens' focused their pride and homeland towards their neighbors, kin, and home ground. With the rise of nationalism this pride transformed to patriotism for their nation or state.
During this increasingly democratic period, nations needed their citizens to be nationalistic and look up to the fatherland just as much as the citizens needed their country. Governments needed their citizens for everyday life including postmen, police, transit employees, and military.
I found it interesting how citizens identified with their country prior to the rise of nationalism. Growing up in America, I have always thought of myself as an American. People growing up before this period often associated with their village, language, family, and neighbors rather than a country as a whole. I also was surprised to find out common languages were often a product of nationalism rather than a factor. I though citizens would rally together under one language rather than establish a national language after nationalism was achieved.